- discrimination di‧scrim‧i‧na‧tion [dɪˌskrɪmˈneɪʆn] noun [uncountable]1. ECONOMICS the process of treating one market, country, type of product etc differently from another:
• the discrimination in favour of imported wine when it comes to excise dutythe practice of charging different prices for the same product in different markets:
• Peak load pricing is a system of price discrimination whereby peak time users pay higher prices.2. HUMAN RESOURCES LAW when a worker in a company is treated unfairly because of their race, sex, age etc, especially by not being considered for a job. This is illegal in many countries:
• The survey showed that there was unofficial discrimination against women in the engineering industry.
• The Bill prohibits employment discrimination against qualified disabled persons on the grounds of their disability.unfair treatment of someone because of their age, especially when they are not given a job because they are too old; = AGEISMunfair treatment of someone who has an illness that they were born with and that their parents also had:
• In one case of genetic discrimination, a patient with Gaucher's disease was denied a government job.ˌpositive discrimiˈnation also reˌverse discrimiˈnation HUMAN RESOURCESwhen one group of people are treated more favourably than another, often because they have been treated unfairly in the past:
• She is totally opposed to positive discrimination in favour of women.when people from one race are treated less favourably than those from another:
• Race discrimination is still quite widespread.when people, especially women, are treated unfairly because of their sex, especially when this stops them getting a job or making progress in their job:
• Sex discrimination in private pension plans is illegal.
* * *discrimination UK US /dɪˌskrɪmɪˈneɪʃən/ noun [U]► the practice of treating particular people, companies, or products differently from others, especially in an unfair way: »
He will work in partnership with a range of organizations to help eliminate discrimination against disabled people.victims/targets of discrimination »
People sometimes have difficulty perceiving themselves as victims of discrimination.discrimination on the basis of/grounds of sth »
Federal law bans discrimination on the basis of gender.discrimination between sth (and sth) »
The new laws reduce the possibility of unfair discrimination between companies seeking to list on the Exchange.»
The commission was created to address issues of discrimination in the workplace.»
allegations/claims/complaints of discrimination»
a discrimination case/lawsuit→ See also AGE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑age discrimination), EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑employment discrimination), GENETIC DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑genetic discrimination), POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑positive discrimination), PRICE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑price discrimination), RACE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑race discrimination), REVERSE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑reverse discrimination), SEX DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑sex discrimination), WORKPLACE DISCRIMINATION(Cf. ↑workplace discrimination)
Financial and business terms. 2012.